In 1775 naturalist William Bartram, traveling across
Georgia, found a previously unknown plant in Crawford County. He
named the plant Hydrangea Quercifolia — now commonly called Oakleaf Hydrangia.
Bartram described the area near Sweetwater Creek as a "delightful diversified rural
scene," noting that it "promises a happy, fruitful and salubrious
region." See The Botanical Explorations of William Bartram in
the Southeast by David H. Rembert Jr., Department of Biology, University
of South Carolina -- article courtesy of Bartram
Benjamin Hawkins has served the United States in a variety of positions.
Born in what was then Granville, and now Warren County, N.C., August
15, 1754. Hawkins was educated in the county schools and later attended
the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University). When classes were
suspended due to the revolutionary war, Hawkins was selected by George
Washington to serve on his staff as interpreter. Benjamin Hawkins served
as aide-de-camp to Governor Abner Nash of North Carolina. He was a member
of the Continental Congress 1781-1783 and 1787; elected to the United
States Senate and served from December 8, 1789, to March 3, 1795. He
was appointed by Congress to negotiate treaties with the Creek and Cherokee
Indians in 1785, appointed Indian agent for all the tribes south of the
Ohio River by President Washington in 1796 and held the office until
his death in Crawford County, Ga., on June 6, 1818.
Crawford County was created from Houston County in 1822.
It was named for United States Secretary of War and Treasury William
Harris Crawford. Before 1822, the area was inhabited by
the Muskogee people, called Creeks by the Europeans.
Knoxville was designated the county seat of Crawford County in 1823. It was
named for Henry
Knox, Revolutionary War hero, and Secretary
of War from 1785 to 1794.
Joanna Troutman lived in Knoxville when she made a flag for Georgia
troops leaving to join in the fight for Texas independence. That flag
was first flown at Velasco
Jan. 8, 1836, was hoisted along with the
Bloody Arm flag at Goliad on news of the declaration of independence
March 8, 1836, and was one of the inspirations for the Texas Lone Star
Stith Pemberton was born January 8, 1831 in Knoxville, Crawford County,
Georgia and died August 16, 1888 in Atlanta, Georgia. He is the son
of James Clifford Pemberton, born 1803 in North Carolina, and Martha
L. Gant, born 1791 in Virginia.It is unknown when his family moved
to Rome, Georgia. By the time he was 19, he had graduated from the
Georgia College of Herbal Medicine in Macon, Georgia. He later moved
to Columbus, Georgia and set up shop as a Druggist. He served as a
Colonel in the Confederate Army and was wounded in the battle of Columbus.
He was given morphine for the pain of his wound and became addicted.
He moved to Atlanta in 1870 and was a well known and respected chemist.
His expertise was in medical chemistry rather than regular medicine.
He was considered a skilled practical pharamacist and chemist.
He is best known
as the inventor of the formula for Coca Cola,which is said to have
occured May 8, 1886 in Atlanta. He is buried in Linwood
Franklin Long was born a slave in Crawford County Georgia,
March 3, 1836. He
became a merchant tailor in Macon, Georgia. Long was the first African-American
from Georgia elected to the United States House of Representatives. Long
was elected to
Congress to fill the vacancy caused when Samuel
F. Gove was declared not entitled to the seat. He served from January
16, 1871 to March 3, 1871, and was not a candidate for renomination.
Long did serve as a delegate to the Republican
National Convention in 1880. He resumed business in Macon, Georgia,
and died there on February 4, 1901. He was interred in Lynwod
Cemetery , Macon, Georgia.
Travelers through present day Roberta might never guess that at one time it
was a thriving tourist town with several motels, restaurants and gas stations.
US Hwy 341 was the main north-south thoroughfare through the state, and US
80 took travelers to Texas and beyond. With the construction of the Interstate
Highway system, towns along the older routes were left behind.